Fulton County was established on December 20, 1853, from the western part of DeKalb County and the southeastern part of Campbell County.
The county was named after Robert Fulton, the inventor of the steamboat, in recognition of his contribution to transportation technology.
During the American Civil War (1861-1865), Fulton County saw its share of conflict and destruction. Atlanta, the county seat, played a significant role in the war as a transportation hub and was the target of General William T. Sherman's Atlanta Campaign in 1864.
After the war, during the Reconstruction era, Fulton County, like much of the South, faced challenges and changes as the region began to rebuild and adapt to the post-war reality.
In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, Fulton County experienced significant economic growth and development, fueled by industries like cotton, manufacturing, and railroads.
Atlanta, the capital of Georgia and the largest city in Fulton County, became a major center for commerce, transportation, and culture in the South.
Fulton County played a pivotal role in the American Civil Rights Movement. Atlanta was home to influential civil rights leaders like Martin Luther King Jr., who led nonviolent protests and advocated for racial equality.
The Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 had a profound impact on civil rights in Fulton County and the broader South.
Fulton County continued to grow throughout the 20th century, becoming a diverse and economically vibrant area.
The county is known for its role as a major business and transportation hub, with Hartsfield-Jackson Atlanta International Airport serving as one of the world's busiest airports.
Today, Fulton County includes several vibrant cities, including Atlanta, Sandy Springs, and Alpharetta, and is a center for culture, education, and commerce in Georgia.